Periodontist in Great Neck
While you may think that some loss of teeth is inevitable as we age, it is actually possible for all of your teeth to last a lifetime. At Passes Dental Care, our goal is to give you the tools and the treatment that can sustain your teeth throughout your life. We offer comprehensive dental experience at our Great Neck office. Our doctors are trained to provide general dental treatment, endodontics, pediatric dentistry, and so much more. With a team of helpful staff, our doctors are equipped to provide a variety of dental treatments, including periodontics.
What Is Periodontics?
Periodontics is the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of periodontal disease. Periodontal disease is an inflammatory disease that destroys the gums and other supporting structures around the teeth.
Nearly all people who do not maintain good daily oral hygiene will develop gingivitis. If left untreated, this bacterial gum infection can progress from gingivitis (“gingival” – gum; “itis” – inflammation) to periodontitis, which results in bone loss around your teeth. As the bone tissue is lost, the gum tissues detach from the teeth and form little pockets that provide an even better place for bacteria to live — where your brush and floss can’t reach.
As periodontal disease advances leading to more bone loss, tooth loss can result. In these more severe cases, your dentist may need to place dental implants to prevent further bone loss throughout your jaw. The good news is that periodontal disease can be controlled through the help of your Great Neck dentist.
Signs and Symptoms of Periodontal Disease
It’s important to understand that you can have periodontal disease with no obvious symptoms, especially if you are a smoker (nicotine reduces blood supply preventing bleeding and swelling of the gum tissues). However, if you do notice any of the following symptoms, speak with your Great Neck cosmetic dentist…
- Bleeding gums — Some people think that when their gums bleed, it simply means they’re brushing too hard. While brushing too hard is bad for the gums, it should not cause bleeding. Any bleeding of the gums should be considered a warning sign of gum disease.
- Bad breath — It’s very easy for plaque to collect in the spaces between the teeth, creating the perfect living conditions for bacteria that produce odorous, sulfur-containing compounds, resulting in bad breath.
- Redness or swelling of the gums — Inflammation of the gums is usually the first visible sign of periodontal disease.
- Receding gums — If you notice that your teeth look longer than they used to, it may be that your gum tissue has receded (away from the enamel), exposing some of your tooth roots.
- Sensitivity — If there is gum recession, the exposed roots may become sensitive to hot or cold.
- Periodontal abscess Bacteria can become enclosed in a periodontal pocket and the area will fill with pus, becoming swollen and painful.
- Loose teeth — When periodontal disease results in bone loss, teeth can become loose or migrate. Tooth loss can result and may be accelerated if you are applying excessive biting forces from clenching or grinding your teeth.
Treating Periodontal Disease
All periodontal therapy starts with the evaluation of your oral hygiene techniques and instruction for improving them, followed by the mechanical removal of plaque and any calcified deposits (tartar or calculus) that are present on the root surfaces. This is accomplished with a cleaning technique known as scaling, root planing, or debridement using hand instruments and/or ultrasonic (high frequency vibrational) instruments.
Locally applied antimicrobial products or antibiotics might also be recommended during various parts of periodontal treatment to assist in healing and pocket-depth reduction, hopefully eliminating the need for periodontal surgery. Sometimes surgical procedures may be necessary to remove the deep pockets that form between inflamed gum tissue and teeth. There are many different types of surgery to handle a variety of problems. And many times, combinations of procedures are used to attempt to reduce the number of surgeries as well as the cost of treatment. Visit with your Great Neck dentist to discuss the treatment options that are available for your specific needs.
Periodontal Disease & Your Overall Health
The effects of periodontal disease reach far beyond your teeth. In fact, periodontal disease is known to negatively impact your heart and body. While periodontal disease starts in your mouth, it has been linked to more serious conditions, such as cardiovascular disease (CVD), diabetes, and preterm births.
Research has suggested two plausible mechanisms for how gum disease and these other serious medical concerns could be related:
- Moderate to severe periodontal disease increases the level of systemic (bodily) inflammation — a characteristic of all chronic inflammatory diseases.
- The same bacterial strains that are commonly found in periodontal pockets surrounding diseased teeth have been found in blood vessel plaques of individuals with CVD.
- Therefore, it may be helpful to reduce periodontal inflammation to reduce systemic inflammation.
Preventing Gum Disease
The best way to prevent periodontal disease is to brush and floss your teeth effectively every day. A consistent oral hygiene routine is your most powerful tool to combat bacteria on a daily basis.
Additional prevention efforts include eating healthily, reducing stress in your life, and giving up unhealthy habits like smoking will also help ensure that you keep your teeth for a lifetime.
In addition, regular dental checkups and professional cleanings are an essential component to maintaining periodontal health. No matter how rigorous of a brushing and flossing routine you adopt, there are certain places in your mouth that only a professional can reach.
Your Great Neck cosmetic dentist can also detect early forms of gum disease by evaluating your gingival (gum) tissues, both visually and by examining their attachment levels to the teeth. Finally, we can assess the health of your tooth-supporting bone by taking dental radiographs (x-rays pictures).
Visit Your Dentist In Great Neck, NY
Working together, we can keep your teeth healthy and strong for a lifetime of smiles. Our in-house periodontist, Demetrios Tsiokos, DDS., and our dental staff will work with you to ensure you have a comfortable and effective treatment. If you have any questions about periodontics or our other dental treatments, please contact us. We look forward to working with you!